With so few phonemic contrasts, Xavante allows wide latitude in allophones of its consonants.
- P and T: /p/, /t/ are aspirated, as syllable onsets (at the beginning of a word, between vowels, or before /r/), and unreleased, as syllable codas (at the end of a word or before a consonant other than /r/).
- C: /c/ freely varies among as an onset, and as a coda (only preceding another /c/, as ).
- ’: /ʔ/ is a glottal stop .
- B: In a C or CC syllable onset before an oral vowel, /b/ is pronounced as a plain voiced stop at the beginning of a phonological word, and as either or as a prenasalized voiced stop .
- As a syllable coda, /b/ is pronounced before /h/ regardless of the following vowel's nasality, and optionally also as before the oral allophones of the other voiced obstruents, /d/ and /j/: or . It is before .
- D: In a syllable onset before an oral vowel, /d/ is pronounced either as a plain voiced stop or as prenasalized voiced stop . Unlike /b/, it may be prenasalized at the beginning of a phonological word, not just as a syllable onset. Before a nasal vowel, it is pronounced .
- As a syllable coda, /d/ is pronounced before the oral allophone of a consonant, and as before a nasal consonant.
- J: In a syllable onset before an oral vowel, /j/ is pronounced, in free variation. Before a nasal vowel, it is pronounced .
- As a syllable coda, /j/ is generally pronounced, and is nasalized to or after a nasal vowel. It is also nasalized to before a prenasalized stop allophone. Between oral vowels, the sequence /jb/ optionally takes an epenthetic : or . When is followed by an /h/, a nasalized epenthetic schwa separates them.
- R: /r/ is an alveolar flap, which is nasalized between nasal vowels.
- W: /w/ is similar to English w, but not rounded before the vowel /i/.
- H: /h/ has no place of articulation, but is a voiceless transition between vowels.
Vowels do not become nasalized because of nasalized consonants, so the only consonants that become nasal are those in a cluster preceding a nasal vowel (and coda /j/ after a nasal vowel); a preceding oral vowel blocks the nasality from spreading to preceding syllables.
Other articles related to "allophony":
... Similarly, Hindustani speakers might unconsciously apply their native allophony rules to English words, pronouncing war /wɔːɹ/ as or advance /ədˈvɑːns/ as adwance, which can result in intelligibility ... In some situations, the allophony is non-conditional, i.e ...
... Because of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation ... For example, /p t k/ may be pronounced as well as, /s/ as or as well as, /l/ as as well as, and vowels may be either long or short ...
... The pattern of allophony is not completely clear, but generally agrees with the patterns of voiced obstruent allophones in languages such as Spanish ... of older phonological theories, and in modern theories it is equally possible that the allophony was present from the beginning ... Each of the three phonemes /b/, /d/, and /ɡ/ had a different pattern of allophony from each of the others, but in general stops occurred in "strong" positions (word-initial and in clusters) while fricatives ...