Xavante Language - Phonology - Consonants

Consonants

Xavante has ten consonants, /p t c ʔ b d j r w h/. They are realized as,

Labial Coronal Glottal
apical laminal
Obstruents s ~ tʃʰ ʔ
b ~ m d ~ n z ~ dʒ ~ ɲ ~ j
Sonorants w ɾ h

(Placement is approximate; /j/ varies between obstruent and sonorant, alveolar and palatal.)

Xavante is highly unusual in lacking velar consonants, except for the labio-velar approximant /w/. At a phonemic level, it arguably also lacks nasal consonants, which is less unusual in the Amazon. The language however has a high degree of allophony, and nasal stops appear before nasal vowels.

Read more about this topic:  Xavante Language, Phonology

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