Wujing Zongyao

The Wujing Zongyao (simplified Chinese: 武经总要; traditional Chinese: 武經總要; pinyin: Wǔjīng Zǒngyào; Wade–Giles: Wu Ching Tsung Yao; literally "Collection of the Most Important Military Techniques") was a Chinese military compendium written in 1044 AD, during the Northern Song Dynasty. Its authors were the prominent scholars Zeng Gongliang (曾公亮), Ding Du (丁度), and Yang Weide (楊惟德), whose writing influenced many later Chinese military writers. The book covered a wide range of subjects, everything from naval warships to different types of catapults. Although the English philosopher and friar Roger Bacon was the first Westerner to mention the sole ingredients of gunpowder in 1267 (i.e. strictly saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal) when referring to firecrackers in "various parts of the world", the Wujing Zongyao was the first book in history to record the written formulas for gunpowder solutions containing saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal, along with many added ingredients. It also described an early form of the compass (using thermoremanence), and had the oldest illustration of a Chinese Greek Fire flamethrower with a double-acting two-piston cylinder-pump that shot a continuous blast of flame.

Read more about Wujing ZongyaoHistory, Compass and Navigation, Gunpowder Formulas and Weapons, Flamethrower and Greek Fire, Illustrations From The Wujing Zongyao, See Also

Other articles related to "wujing zongyao":

Pen Huo Qi
... in the Chinese military manual known as the Wujing Zongyao, compiled in the year 1044 AD during the Song Dynasty ... a slow-burning gunpowder match to fire a continuous stream of flame (as referred to in the Wujing Zongyao manuscript of 1044 CE) ... flamethrowers on four-wheel push carts appear in the Wujing Zongyao, written in 1044 AD (its illustration redrawn in 1601 as well) ...
Gunpowder - History - China
... Further information Wujing Zongyao, Four Great Inventions, and List of Chinese inventions Saltpeter was known to the Chinese by the mid-1st century AD and there is strong evidence of ... Formula for gunpowder in 1044 Wujing zongyao part I vol 12 Instruction for fire bomb in Wujing zongyao Fire bomb Fire grenade ...
History Of Gunpowder - Original Development
... By the time the Song Dynasty treatise, Wujing Zongyao (武经总要), was written by Zeng Gongliang and Yang Weide in AD 1044, the various Chinese formulas for gunpowder held ... Formula for gunpowder in 1044 Wujing zongyao part I vol 12 Instruction for fire bomb in Wujing zongyao Fire grenade Fire birds 武经总要 火球图.jp fire bomb ...
Science And Technology Of The Song Dynasty - Gunpowder Warfare
... This device was featured in description and illustration of the Wujing Zongyao military manuscript of 1044 ... the earliest-known existent written formulas for gunpowder come from the Wujing Zongyao text of 1044, which described explosive bombs hurled from catapults ... An even earlier Chinese text of the Wujing Zongyao ("Collection of the Most Important Military Techniques"), written in 1044 by the Song scholars Zeng Kongliang and Yang ...