William Gibson

William Gibson

William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction novelist who has been called the "noir prophet" of the cyberpunk subgenre. Gibson coined the term "cyberspace" in his short story "Burning Chrome" (1982) and later popularized the concept in his debut novel, Neuromancer (1984). In envisaging cyberspace, Gibson created an iconography for the information age before the ubiquity of the Internet in the 1990s. He is also credited with predicting the rise of reality television and with establishing the conceptual foundations for the rapid growth of virtual environments such as video games and the World Wide Web.

Having changed residence frequently with his family as a child, Gibson became a shy, ungainly teenager who often read science fiction. After spending his adolescence at a private boarding school in Arizona, Gibson evaded the draft during the Vietnam War by emigrating to Canada in 1968, where he became immersed in the counterculture and after settling in Vancouver eventually became a full-time writer. He retains dual citizenship. Gibson's early works are bleak, noir near-future stories about the effect of cybernetics and computer networks on humans—a "combination of lowlife and high tech". The short stories were published in popular science fiction magazines. The themes, settings and characters developed in these stories culminated in his first novel, Neuromancer, which garnered critical and commercial success, virtually initiating the cyberpunk literary genre.

Although much of Gibson's reputation has remained associated with Neuromancer, his work has continued to evolve. After expanding on Neuromancer with two more novels to complete the dystopic Sprawl trilogy, Gibson became an important author of another science fiction sub-genre—steampunk—with the 1990 alternate history novel The Difference Engine, written with Bruce Sterling. In the 1990s, he composed the Bridge trilogy of novels, which focused on sociological observations of near-future urban environments and late capitalism. His most recent novels—Pattern Recognition (2003), Spook Country (2007) and Zero History (2010)—are set in a contemporary world and have put his work onto mainstream bestseller lists for the first time.

Gibson is one of the best-known North American science fiction writers, fêted by The Guardian in 1999 as "probably the most important novelist of the past two decades". Gibson has written more than twenty short stories and ten critically acclaimed novels (one in collaboration), and has contributed articles to several major publications and collaborated extensively with performance artists, filmmakers and musicians. His thought has been cited as an influence on science fiction authors, design, academia, cyberculture, and technology.

Read more about William GibsonInfluence and Recognition, Selected Bibliography, Footnotes

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Gibson (surname) - Notable People With The Surname Gibson
... Alexander Gibson (botanist) (1800–1867), Scottish surgeon and botanist who worked in India Alexander Gibson (conductor) (1926–1995), Scottish composer and music ... Gibson (1863–1927), first President of the Rochester Institute of Technology Charles Gibson (born 1943), an American television journalist Charles Dana Gibson (1867–1944), American graphic artist, creator of the ... Gibson (1842–1900), United States Senator from Maryland Clifford Gibson (1901–1963), American blues singer and guitarist Colin Gibson (footballer) (born 1961), English footballer Colin Gibson (musi ...
William Gibson, 2nd Baron Ashbourne - External Links
... National Portrait Gallery Portrait of William Gibson, 2nd Baron Ashbourne. ...
List Of Works Of William Gibson - Non-fiction - Articles
... ISSN 1078-9901 OCLC 173437996 "William Gibson's fiction of cyber-eternity may become a reality." (1999) HQ issue 63 122, March 1, 1999 ... OCLC 173343432 "My Obsession" (1999), Wired, 7.01 "William Gibson's Filmless Festival" (1999), Wired, 7.10 "Steely Dan's Return" (2000) Addicted To Noise Issue 6.03, March 1 ... Wired, 13.7 "U2's City of Blinding Lights" (2005), Wired, 13.8 "Sci-fi special William Gibson" (2008), New Scientist, issue 2682, November 12, 2008 ...
William Gibson (Canadian Politician)
... William Gibson (August 7, 1849 – May 4, 1914) was a Canadian politician ... Born in Peterhead, Scotland,the son of William Gibson and Lucretia Gilzean, he was educated in Scotland and came to Canada in 1870 ... Gibson was a contractor and engineer involved in the construction of the St ...

Famous quotes containing the word gibson:

    The Thirties dreamed white marble and slipstream chrome, immortal crystal and burnished bronze, but the rockets on the Gernsback pulps had fallen on London in the dead of night, screaming. After the war, everyone had a car—no wings for it—and the promised superhighway to drive it down, so that the sky itself darkened, and the fumes ate the marble and pitted the miracle crystal.
    —William Gibson (b. 1948)