White Nose Syndrome
White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a poorly understood disease associated with the deaths of at least 5.7 million to 6.7 million North American bats. The condition, named for a distinctive fungal growth around the muzzles and on the wings of hibernating bats, was first identified in a cave in Schoharie County, New York in February 2006. It has rapidly spread, and as of 2013, the condition had been found in over 115 caves and mines ranging mostly throughout the Northeastern U.S. and as far south as Alabama and west to Missouri and into four Canadian provinces.
According to laboratory research in late 2011, the syndrome appears to be caused by a fungus called Geomyces destructans, but no obvious treatment or means of preventing transmission is known. The mortality rate of some species has been observed at 95%.
The US Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) has called for a moratorium on caving activities in the affected areas and strongly recommends that any clothing or equipment used in such areas be decontaminated after each use.
The National Speleological Society maintains an up-to-date page to keep cavers apprised of current events and advisories.
Other articles related to "white nose syndrome, white":
... The role of humans in the spread of the disease, and the transmission of the fungus from Europe, is debated ... The occurrence of the same fungus in healthy bats in Europe suggests that the fungus originated in Europe, where some bats acquired immunity and was somehow transmitted to bats in North America which lack immunity to the disease ...
... White nose syndrome is a condition associated with the deaths of more than a million bats in the northeastern United States ... The disease is named after a white fungus, Geomyces destructans, found growing on the muzzles, ears, and wings of afflicted bats ...
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