What is textual criticism?

  • (noun): Comparison of a particular text with related materials in order to establish authenticity.

Textual Criticism

Textual criticism (or lower criticism) is a branch of literary criticism that is concerned with the identification and removal of transcription errors in the texts of manuscripts. Ancient scribes made errors or alterations when copying manuscripts by hand. Given a manuscript copy, several or many copies, but not the original document, the textual critic seeks to reconstruct the original text (the archetype or autograph) as closely as possible. The same processes can be used to attempt to reconstruct intermediate editions, or recensions, of a document's transcription history. The ultimate objective of the textual critic's work is the production of a "critical edition" containing a text most closely approximating the original.

Read more about Textual Criticism.

Some articles on textual criticism:

Frederic G. Kenyon - Works
1901 Handbook to the textual criticism of the New Testament (1st ed.) 1912 Handbook to the textual criticism of the New Testament (2nd ed.) 1914 Aristotle, The Athenian. 1951) 1933 Recent Developments in the Textual Criticism of the Greek Bible (Schweich Lectures for 1932) London Oxford University Press 1933-41 The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri Descriptions and ...
Linguistic Criticism
... Linguistic Criticism is probably the oldest form of biblical criticism or textual criticism to develop ... Other languages that are very important for linguistic criticism include Akkadian, Ugaritic, and Latin ... Linguistic criticism is not the same as textual criticism, though it does fall under that discipline ...
Caspar René Gregory - Life
... his studies at the University of Leipzig under Constantin von Tischendorf, to whose work on textual criticism of the New Testament he had been referred by his ... Gregory specialized in New Testament textual criticism ... Gregory performed important service in the research of New Testament manuscripts and in textual criticism of the New Testament ...
New Testament - Textual Variation
... Textual criticism deals with the identification and removal of transcription errors in the texts of manuscripts ... A similar type of textual criticism is applied to other ancient texts ... the original text of the New Testament books, some modern textual critics have identified sections as additions of material, centuries after the gospel was written ...

Famous quotes containing the word criticism:

    To be just, that is to say, to justify its existence, criticism should be partial, passionate and political, that is to say, written from an exclusive point of view, but a point of view that opens up the widest horizons.
    Charles Baudelaire (1821–1867)