What is Svalbard?

  • (noun): A Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.

Svalbard

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic, constituting the northernmost part of Norway. It is located about 400 miles north of mainland Europe, midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° to 81° north latitude (inside the Arctic Circle), and from 10° to 35° east longitude. Spitsbergen is the largest island, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya. The administrative center is Longyearbyen, and other settlements include the active Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the abandoned Russian mining settlement of Pyramiden (which was founded by the Swedish), the research community of Ny-Ålesund, and the Swedish mining outpost of Sveagruva. The archipelago is administered by the Governor of Svalbard, whose authority is granted by the Norwegian government.

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Some articles on Svalbard:

Svalbard - Nature
... primarily terrestrial mammalian species inhabit the archipelago the Arctic Fox, the Svalbard reindeer, polar bears and accidentally introduced Southern Vole—which is only found in Grumant ... Polar bears are the iconic symbol of Svalbard, and one of the main tourist attractions ... Svalbard and Franz Joseph Land share a common population of 3,000 polar bears, with Kong Karls Land being the most important breeding ground ...
1925 In Norway - Events
17 July - the Parliament of Norway passed the Svalbard Act (Norwegian Lov om Svalbard or colloquially Svalbardloven) which established Norwegian ...
Locations In His Dark Materials - Locations - Svalbard
... Svalbard is the location of the panserbjørne palace and the center of the ice bear government ... Unlike most locations in the story, Svalbard is an actual location ...
Politics Of Svalbard
... Svalbard lies under the sovereignty of Norway, but the Svalbard Treaty places several restrictions ... Public administration of the archipelago is the responsibility of the Governor of Svalbard, who acts as county governor and chief of police ... The institution was established by and is regulated by the Svalbard Act, which also limits which Norwegian laws apply to the islands ...
Morten Ruud
1978, when he was a deputy judge, and the years 1998 to 2001 when he was the Governor of Svalbard ... While serving in Svalbard, Ruud and his Deputy Governor Rune Bård Hansen expelled three young men from Svalbard, invoking—for the first time in history—a 1976 provision that allowed for ...