What is saltire?

Saltire

A saltire, or Saint Andrew's Cross, is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross or letter x. Saint Andrew is said to have been martyred on such a cross. In the Russian Orthodox tradition, the phrase Saint Andrew's Cross is often equated with the Orthodox cross, because of the tradition that Saint Andrew used such a cross when preaching in the respective regions. The Saltire design is however distinct from that of the Orthodox Cross.

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Some articles on saltire:

Gallery of Saltires
... (also formerly of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek) A blue-and-white saltire used on a road sign to represent the Flag of Scotland Flag of El Bierzo Flag of Tenerife Russian Navy Ensign (Russian St ...
Saint Patrick's Saltire - Modern Use of The Flag
... The most widespread use of St Patrick's Saltire today is in the Flag of the United Kingdom ... With the 1800 Act of Union that merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland, the red saltire was incorporated into the Flag of the United Kingdom as representing Ireland ... The red saltire is counterchanged with the saltire of St Andrew, such that the white always follows the red clockwise ...
Alain Baxter - Salt Lake City Olympics
... controversy at the time, by dying his hair with the Saltire cross of St Andrew the flag of Scotland ... project an image of "Britishness", but the blue dye he used to try to obliterate the white saltire was a different shade, and the saltire pattern could still clearly be seen when he won his medal ...
Saint Patrick's Saltire
... Saint Patrick's Saltire or Saint Patrick's Cross is a red saltire (X-shaped cross) on a white field, used to represent the island of Ireland or Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland ... In heraldic language, it may be blazoned Argent, a saltire gules ... Saint Patrick's Flag is a flag composed of Saint Patrick's Saltire ...