Red River War
The Red River War was a military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874, as part of the Comanche War, to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations in Indian Territory. Lasting only a few months, the war saw several army columns crisscross the Texas Panhandle in an effort to locate, harass and capture highly mobile Indian bands. Most of the engagements were small skirmishes in which neither side suffered many casualties. The war wound down over the last few months of 1874 as fewer and fewer Indian bands had the strength and supplies to remain in the field. Though the last significantly sized group wouldn't surrender until mid-1875, the war marked the end of free roaming Indian populations on the Southern Plains.
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Some articles on red river war:
... Kiowas and Southern Cheyennes went to war and the South Plains shook with the hoofbeats of Indian raiders ... The resulting Red River War, which lasted a year, was a war of attrition involving relentless pursuit by converging military columns ...
... The Red River War officially ended in June 1875 when Quanah Parker and his band of Quahadi Comanche entered Fort Sill and surrendered they were the last large roaming band of southwestern Indians ... Combined with the extermination of the buffalo, the war left the Texas Panhandle permanently open to settlement by farmers and ranchers It was the final military defeat of the once ...
... During the Red River War, the regiment was in the following actions February 5, 1874, Lieutenant-Colonel George P ... a camp of hostile Qua ha dee Comanches on the Double Mountain Fork Brazos River, Texas, killed eleven Indians and captured sixty-five horses ... Buell, Eleventh Infantry, attacked a war party of Indians and captured one horse ...
... In history books, the Red River War officially began on July 20, 1874 ... The “Red River War,” as it was called, led to the end of the culture and way of life for the Southern Plains tribes and brought an end to the Plains tribes, as a people ... The campaign of the Red River War was fought during a time when buffalo hunters were hunting the great American Bison nearly to extinction ...
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“I cannot tell how many times we had to walk on account of falls or rapids. We were expecting all the while that the river would take a final leap and get to smooth water, but there was no improvement this forenoon.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)