What is polymerase?

  • (noun): An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA.

Polymerase

A polymerase is an enzyme whose central biological function is the synthesis of polymers of nucleic acids. DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase are used to assemble DNA and RNA molecules, respectively, generally by copying a DNA or RNA template strand using base-pairing interactions.

Read more about Polymerase.

Some articles on polymerase:

T7 DNA Polymerase
... The T7 DNA polymerase of the T7 bacteriophage is a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase responsible for the fast rate of T7 phage DNA replication in vivo ... The polymerase consists of a 11 complex of the viral T7 gene 5 protein (80kDA) and the E ... This polymerase is unique due to its considerable processivity, or ability to stay on DNA for a greater than average number of base pairs ...
Streptolydigin
... an antibiotic which works by blocking nucleic acid chain elongation by binding to the polymerase, thus stopping RNA polymerase activity inside a cell ... it inhibits the assembly of the RNA polymerase II transcription complex and DNA polymerase III transcription ...
CTDP1
... Gene EC number 3.1.3.16 Gene Ontology Molecular function • DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity • CTD phosphatase activity Cellular component • spindle pole • nucleus ... elongation as well as initiation by RNA polymerase II ... The protein may also represent a component of an RNA polymerase II holoenzyme complex ...
TOPO Cloning - Technique
... Different types of vectors are used for cloning fragments amplified by either Taq or Pfu polymerase as Taq polymerase (unlike Pfu) leaves an extra "A" nucleotide at the 3'end during amplification ... The insert is created by PCR using Taq DNA polymerase, a polymerase that lacks 3' to 5' proofreading activity and with a high probability adds a single, 3'-adenine overhang to each end of the ... It is best if the PCR primers have guanines at the 5' end as this maximizes probability of Taq DNA polymerase adding the terminal adenosine overhang ...
Polymerase
... A polymerase is an enzyme whose central biological function is the synthesis of polymers of nucleic acids ... DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase are used to assemble DNA and RNA molecules, respectively, generally by copying a DNA or RNA template strand using base-pairing interactions ... that the enzymes responsible for the generation of other biopolymers are not also referred to as polymerases ...