What is phonology?

  • (noun): The study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes.
    Synonyms: phonemics

Phonology

Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages. It has traditionally focused largely on study of the systems of phonemes in particular languages, but it may also cover any linguistic analysis either at a level beneath the word (including syllable, onset and rhyme, articulatory gestures, articulatory features, mora, etc.) or at all levels of language where sound is considered to be structured for conveying linguistic meaning. Phonology also includes the study of equivalent organizational systems in sign languages.

Read more about Phonology.

Some articles on phonology:

Gǀui Dialect - Phonology - Vowels
... Only the five modal vowels a e i o u occur in monomoraic (CV or V) roots, which except for the noun χò 'thing, place, case' are all grammatical morphemes ... These are reduced to three nasal vowels ã ẽ õ after nasal consonants, including the glottalized nasal clicks ...
Retroflex Lateral Approximant - Occurrence
... See Marathi phonology Norwegian farlig 'dangerous' Eastern and central dialects ... See Norwegian phonology ... Swedish sorl 'murmur' (noun) See Swedish phonology ...
Historical Chinese Phonology
... Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past ... alphabetic or syllabary, the methods employed in Historical Chinese phonology differ considerably from those employed in, for example, Indo-European linguistics ... with logographic characters, which do not directly specify the phonology of the language, reconstruction is in general quite difficult, and depends to a large extent ...
Other Topics in Phonology
... units that can serve the purpose of differentiating meaning (the phonemes), phonology studies how sounds alternate, i.e ... Phonology also includes topics such as phonotactics (the phonological constraints on what sounds can appear in what positions in a given language) and phonological alternation (how the pronunciation ...