What is peshwa?

Peshwa


A Peshwa (Marathi: पेशवे) is the titular equivalent of a modern Prime Minister. Emperor Shivaji created the Peshwa designation in order to more effectively delegate administrative duties during the growth of the Maratha Empire. The word Peshwa has roots in the Persian language meaning 'foremost'. The Peshwas were all Brahmin ministers who initially started as the chief executives to the king. Prior to 1749, Peshwas held office for 8–9 years and controlled the Maratha army. They later became the de facto hereditary administrators of the Maratha Empire from 1749 till its end in 1818.

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Some articles on peshwa:

Menawali
... from Wai in Satara district and is known for a Peshwa era "Wada" (Fortified Mansion) built by Nana Fadnavis, the great Maratha statesman of the Peshwa period ... belonging to a High ranking minister of the Peshwa Regime ...
Nanasaheb Peshwa
... Nanasaheb Peshwa (b.8 Dec ... marriage with Kashibai and one of the Peshwa of the Maratha Empire ... He was appointed as Peshwa by Chattrapati Shahu himself ...
Sadashivrao Bhau - Birth and Early Years
... Though Nanasaheb became Peshwa, he stayed in Satara ... those period Mahadjipant Purandare was Diwan of Peshwa ... of Shahu, Ramchandrababa Shenvi suggested to Bhau to take Peshwai of Kolhapur, but Nanasaheb Peshwa opposed this idea ...
Battle Of Koregaon
... hours against a large force of 20,000 horse and 8,000 infantry of Peshwa Leader Peshwa Baji Rao II who was threatening the British garrisons at Kirkee and Poona ... In November 1817, Peshwas devastated the Regency of Pune giving no scope for the British army to retaliate successfully ... and 250 cavalry both predominantly having with Mahars defeated the mighty Peshwa army of 8,000 foot soldiers and 20,000 cavalry ...