Pashtun people (Pashto: پښتانه Pax̌tānə; also spelled Pushtun, Pakhtun or Pukhtun), also known as ethnic Afghans (Persian: افغان) or Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان Paṭhān), are an ethnic group with populations primarily in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Belonging to the Eastern Iranian peoples, the group is typically characterised by the usage of the Pashto language and practice of Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. Their origins are unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas (Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC, inhabiting the region between the Hindu Kush and Indus River, who may be the early ancestors of the Pashtun people. Since the 3rd century AD onward, they have been referred to by the ethnonym "Afghan".
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... in Afghanistan and Women in Pakistan In Pashtun society there are three levels of women's leadership and legislative authority the national level, the village level, and the family level ... prominent 17th century Pashto poet and an educated Pashtun woman who eventually became the "Mother of Afghan Nationalism" after gaining authority through her poetry and ... She used the Pashtunwali law to unite the Pashtun tribes against their Persian enemies ...
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