What is melungeon?

Melungeon

Melungeon ( /məˈlʌndʒən/ mə-LUN-jən) is a term traditionally applied to one of a number of "tri-racial isolate" groups of the Southeastern United States, mainly in the Cumberland Gap area of central Appalachia, which includes portions of East Tennessee, Southwest Virginia, and East Kentucky. Tri-racial describes populations thought to be of mixed European, sub-Saharan African and Native American ancestry. Although there is no consensus on how many such groups exist, estimates range as high as 200. Melungeons were often referred to as of Portuguese or Native American origin.

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Some articles on melungeon:

Sealock (Family Name)
... research (such as the Melungeon_DNA_Project) suggests at least tri-racial or Melungeon heritage among those on the East Coast of the US ... While it is known that Thomas, the immigrant, did not live where Melungeons settled, at least some of his descendants did ... This mixture is common for a "Melungeon" profile ...
Melungeon DNA Project - Background
... Melungeon researchers determined participants' genealogical suitability for inclusion based on historical documentation ... Of proven Melungeon ancestry himself, Goins has been researching the group for years and is the author of Melungeon And Other Pioneer Families and Melungeons ... Group 1 Core Melungeon The project organizers have designated the following as core families, based on historical documentation Group 2 Melungeon related ...
Melungeon DNA Project
... The Melungeon Core DNA Project is a genetic study by Family Tree DNA of people who have Melungeon ancestors, mostly in Hancock County, Tennessee and nearby areas of Kentucky, according to historic ...
Melungeon - Similar Groups
... Florida Dead Lake People of Gulf and Calhoun Counties (also known as "Florida Melungeons") Dominickers of Holmes County in the Florida Panhandle Indiana Ben-Ishmael Tribe ... in eastern Tennessee have long been identified as Melungeon, and the surname Goins is also found among the Lumbee of southern North Carolina ...