What is liver transplantation?

Liver Transplantation

Liver transplantation or hepatic transplantation is the replacement of a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person (allograft). The most commonly used technique is orthotopic transplantation, in which the native liver is removed and replaced by the donor organ in the same anatomic location as the original liver. Liver transplantation nowadays is a well accepted treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure. Typically three surgeons and two anesthesiologists are involved, with up to four supporting nurses. The surgical procedure is very demanding and ranges from 4 to 18 hours depending on outcome. Numerous anastomoses and sutures, and many disconnections and reconnections of abdominal and hepatic tissue, must be made for the transplant to succeed, requiring an eligible recipient and a well-calibrated live or cadaveric donor match. By any standard, hepatic transplantation is a major surgical procedure with an appreciable degree of risk.

Read more about Liver Transplantation.

Some articles on liver transplantation:

Liver Transplantation - Controversy Over Eligibility For Alcoholics
... The high incidence of liver transplants given to those with alcoholic cirrhosis has led to a recurring controversy regarding the eligibility of such patients for liver transplant ...
King's College Criteria
... early indices of poor prognosis in patients with acute liver failure ... Acute liver failure is defined as the onset of encephalopathy (altered mental status) or coagulopathy (altered bleeding tendencies) within 26 weeks of a ... high risk of dying of their illness without adequate treatment which may include liver transplantation ...
Coric - As A Pharmaceutical
... The primary outcome measures were mortality and mortality or liver transplantation ... Although treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid showed a reduction in liver biochemistry, jaundice, and ascites, it did not decrease mortality or liver transplantation ... recommended daily dose ursodeoxycholic acid reduces elevated liver enzyme levels in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, but its use was associated with an increased risk of serious adverse ...
Mohammed Rela - Achievements
... Mohamed Rela has so far performed more than 1200 liver transplant surgeries ... In Dec 1997, a team led by him has done a successful liver transplantation for a five-day-old girl, which made him an entry into the Guinness Book of Records in 2000 ... In Mar 1999, he carried out the first living related Liver Transplant on a patient with acute Liver Failure in the UK ...
Hepar - Liver Transplantation
... Human liver transplants were first performed by Thomas Starzl in the United States and Roy Calne in Cambridge, England in 1963 and 1965, respectively ... Liver transplantation is the only option for those with irreversible liver failure ... Most transplants are done for chronic liver diseases leading to cirrhosis, such as chronic hepatitis C, alcoholism, autoimmune hepatitis, and many others ...

Famous quotes containing the word liver:

    Some women marry houses.
    It’s another kind of skin; it has a heart,
    a mouth, a liver and bowel movements.
    Anne Sexton (1928–1974)