What is kimigayo?

Kimigayo

"Kimigayo" (君が代?) is the national anthem of Japan. From 1868 to 1945, it served as the national anthem of the Empire of Japan. With a length of 11 measures and 32 characters, "Kimigayo" is also one of the world's shortest national anthems currently in use. Its lyrics are based on a Waka poem written in the Heian period (794-1185), sung to a melody written in the imperial period (1868–1945). The current melody was chosen in 1880, replacing an unpopular melody composed eleven years earlier. While the title "Kimigayo" is usually translated as His Majesty's Reign, no official translation of the title nor lyrics has ever been established by law.

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Some articles on kimigayo:

Act On National Flag And Anthem (Japan) - Public Opinion
... the Hinomaru as the national flag, and six out of ten supported Kimigayo as the national anthem ... Some felt that Kimigayo was an inappropriate anthem for modern Japan one respondent suggested using the song "Sakura Sakura" instead ... Another suggestion was to keep the melody of Kimigayo but replace the lyrics ...
Ōyama Iwao - Kimigayo
... words and Ōyama selected the poem which came to be used in Japan's national anthem kimigayo ...
Act On National Flag And Anthem (Japan) - Background of The Legislation
... a dispute between his school board and his teachers over use of the Hinomaru and Kimigayo ... Party (LDP) to draft legislation to make the Hinomaru and Kimigayo the official symbols of Japan ... time legislation was proposed to make the Hinomaru and Kimigayo official symbols ...
Kimigayo - Other Versions
... The Slovenian band Laibach recorded an arrangement of "Kimigayo" for their album Volk ... As a way to avoid that type of punishment, teachers who are opposed to the compulsory singing of the anthem have tried to expand various English-language parody lyrics across Japan and through the Internet ...
Act On National Flag And Anthem (Japan) - Hinomaru and Kimigayo Before 1999
... Kimigayo is one of the world's shortest national anthems, with a length of 11 measures and 32 characters ... This was the first version of Kimigayo, which was discarded because the melody "lacked solemnity." In 1880, the Imperial Household Agency adopted the current ... By 1893, Kimigayo was included in public school ceremonies due to the efforts of the then Ministry of Education ...