What is Judaism?

  • (noun): Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud.
    Synonyms: Hebraism, Jewish religion
    See also — Additional definitions below

Judaism

Judaism (from the Latin Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יהדות, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people. A monotheistic religion originating in the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh) and explored in later texts such as the Talmud, Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God established with the Children of Israel. Rabbinic Judaism holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written and Oral Torah. Historically, this assertion was challenged by various groups such as the Sadducees and Hellenistic Judaism during the Second Temple period; the Karaites and Sabbateans during the early and later medieval period; and among segments of the modern reform movements. Liberal movements in modern times such as Humanistic Judaism may be nontheistic.

Read more about Judaism.

Some articles on Judaism:

Judaism and Other Religions - Syncretic Movements Incorporating Judaism
... There are some movements that combine elements of Judaism with those of other religions ... The most well-known of these is Messianic Judaism, which arose in the 1960s ... and some of them argue that Messianic Judaism is a sect of Judaism ...
Religion In The Soviet Union - Policy Toward Religions in Practice - Policy Towards Judaism
... abhorrent, the regime was hostile toward Judaism from the beginning ... language, and proletarian socialist literature and arts would replace Judaism as the quintessence of its culture ... The practice of Judaism became very difficult, intensifying the desire of Jews to leave the Soviet Union ...
Open Source Judaism
... Open Source Judaism is a small movement within the Jewish community that uses open collaboration to create works about or for Judaism ... proposed in and inspired by the 2003 book Nothing Sacred The Truth about Judaism by Douglas Rushkoff ...

More definitions of "Judaism":

  • (noun): The monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud.

Famous quotes containing the word judaism:

    Christianity is the religion of melancholy and hypochondria. Islam, on the other hand, promotes apathy, and Judaism instills its adherents with a certain choleric vehemence, the heathen Greeks may well be called happy optimists.
    Franz Grillparzer (1791–1872)