Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum Sacrum, German: Heiliges Römisches Reich, Italian: Sacro Romano Impero, Czech: Svatá říše římská, Slovene: Sveto rimsko cesarstvo ) was a varying complex of lands that existed from 962 to 1806 in Central Europe. It grew out of East Francia, one of the primary divisions of the Frankish Empire. Its character changed during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, when the power of the emperor gradually weakened in favour of the princes. In its last centuries, it had become quite close to a union of territories.
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1494-1559 Italian Wars League of Cambrai - The Papal States, France, Aragon, Holy Roman Empire Catholic League (Italian) - The Papal States, Venice, England, Aragon, Holy Roman Empire 1546-1547 Schmalkaldic War ...
... Prussia, unlike Brandenburg, lay outside the Holy Roman Empire, within which only the emperor and the ruler of Bohemia could call themselves king ... Elector of Brandenburg for the remainder of the empire's run ... Although Brandenburg remained part of the Holy Roman Empire, the emperor's overlordship over it and the rest of the empire had become only nominal by this time ...
... regional groupings of most (though not all) of the various states of the Empire for the purposes of defence, imperial taxation, supervision of ...
... Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, deposed 1215 ... Adolf, King of the Romans, deposed 1298 ...
... has a long history, stemming back to the Holy Roman Empire ... the head of the clerics at the chapel of an Imperial palace during the Carolingian Empire was called Chancellor (from Latin cancellarius) ... a position he held until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, while de jure the Archbishop of Cologne was Chancellor of Italy and the Archbishop of Trier of Burgundy ...
Famous quotes containing the words roman empire, empire, holy and/or roman:
“The Roman Empire stood appalled:
It dropped the reins of peace and war
When that fierce virgin and her Star
Out of the fabulous darkness called.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“It has never occurred to me to wish for empire or royalty, nor for the eminence of those high and commanding fortunes. My aim lies not in that direction; I love myself too well.”
—Michel de Montaigne (15331592)
“You shall not eat anything that dies of itself; you may give it to aliens residing in your towns for them to eat, or you may sell it to a foreigner. For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. You shall not boil a kid in its mothers milk.”
—Bible: Hebrew, Deuteronomy 14:21.
“The descendants of Holy Roman Empire monarchies became feeble-minded in the twentieth century, and after World War I had been done in by the democracies; some were kept on to entertain the tourists, like the one they have in England.”
—Ishmael Reed (b. 1938)