What is Earl?

  • (noun): A British peer ranking below a Marquess and above a Viscount.

Earl

An earl is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, and meant "chieftain", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with duke (hertig/hertug). In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count (in England in the earlier period, it was more akin to duke; in Scotland it assimilated the concept of mormaer). However, earlier in Scandinavia jarl could also mean sovereign prince. For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had in fact the title of jarl and in many cases of no lesser power than their neighbours who had the title of king. Alternative names for the "Earl/Count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as Hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era.

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Some articles on Earl:

Earl Of Arundel
... Earl of Arundel is the oldest extant Earldom and perhaps the oldest extant title in the Peerage of England by one year 1139 Earl of Essex being the next oldest earldom ... Until the mid-13th century, the Earls were also frequently known as Earl of Sussex, until this title fell into disuse ... arose that the holder of Arundel Castle should automatically be Earl of Arundel, and this was formally confirmed by King Henry VI ...
Ormond Castle - Douglas
... she married Archibald the Grim, Lord of Galloway and later 3rd Earl of Douglas who claimed her estates and titles de jure uxoris (by right of marriage) ... the Barony of Ormonde, and was created into an Earldom in 1445 for Hugh Douglas, Earl of Ormonde, third son of James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas ... after the Battle of Arkinholm in 1455 and the execution of the earl, his properties, like those of his brothers, was forfeit ...
Earl, North Carolina - Demographics
... There were 100 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Duke Of Albany - Dukes of Albany, First Creation (1398)
... Other titles (1st Duke) Earl of Fife (1371), Earl of Buchan (1374–1406), Earl of Atholl (1403–1406) Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany (c. 1340–1420), third son of Robert II Other titles (2nd Duke) Earl of Menteith (bef 1189), Earl of Fife (1371), Earl of Buchan (1374) Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany (1362–1425), eldest son of ...
Duke Of Albany - Dukes of Albany, Fifth Creation (1604)
... Other titles Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Rothesay etc. 1469), Duke of York (1605), Marquess of Ormond (1600), Earl of Carrick (1469), Earl of Ross (1600), Baron Renfrew (1469), Lord Ardmannoch (1600), Lord ...

Famous quotes containing the word earl:

    Good manners, to those one does not love, are no more a breach of truth, than “your humble servant,” at the bottom of a challenge is; they are universally agreed upon, and understand to be things of course. They are necessary guards of the decency and peace of society.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)

    As kings are begotten and born like other men, it is to be presumed that they are of the human species; and perhaps, had they the same education, they might prove like other men. But, flattered from their cradles, their hearts are corrupted, and their heads are turned, so that they seem to be a species by themselves.... Flattery cannot be too strong for them; drunk with it from their infancy, like old drinkers, they require dreams.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)

    See the kind seed-receiving earth
    To every grain affords a birth:
    On her no showers unwelcome fall,
    Her willing womb retains ‘em all,
    And shall my Caelia be confined?
    No, live up to thy mighty mind,
    And be the mistress of Mankind!
    John Wilmot, 2d Earl Of Rochester (1647–1680)