What is ear training?

Ear Training

Ear training or aural skills is a skill by which musicians learn to identify, solely by hearing, pitches, intervals, melody, chords, rhythms, and other basic elements of music. The application of this skill is analogous to taking dictation in written/spoken language. Ear training may be contrasted with sight-singing, which is analogous to reading aloud in language. Ear-training is typically a component of formal musical training.

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Some articles on ear training:

Relative Pitch
... developed through intense training, practicing hearing differences between major, minor, diminished, and augmented intervals This last definition, which applies not only to singers but also to players of ... especially musicians who are used to "playing by ear", and a precise relative pitch is a constant characteristic among good musicians ... relative pitch is common among non-musicians and can be developed through ear training ...
Ear Training - Software Training Methods
... scales, chords, rhythms, and other aspects of ear training often can require a great deal of practice ... for music theory can remove the need for a partner, customize the training to the users needs and accurately track scores and progress ... The majority of ear training software are MIDI based, allowing the user to customize the instruments that play and even accept input from MIDI ...
Marina Karaseva - Selected Publications - Selected Books and Methodological Programs
... Methodological Programs in Ear training for majors in Musicology, Composition, and Choral conducting ... Program in Ear training methodology for conservatory majors in Musicology and Music theory ... Solfeggio — a Psychotechnique of Ear training ...

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