What is coding?

Some articles on coding:

Glossary Of Experimental Design - Glossary
... Coding Factor Levels Transforming the scale of measurement for a factor so that the high value becomes +1 and the low value becomes -1 (see scaling) ... After coding all factors in a 2-level full factorial experiment, the design matrix has all orthogonal columns ... Coding is a simple linear transformation of the original measurement scale ...
List Of International Organization For Standardization Standards - ISO 15000–ISO 19999
... Syntax for high-capacity ADC media ISO/IEC 15444 Information technology – JPEG 2000 image coding system ISO/IEC 154452000 Information technology – Document description and processing languages ...
Codec Listening Test - Results
2006 AAC 48 3gpp 6.3.0 48kbit/s CBR Coding Technologies - Winamp 5.2 beta 393 48kbit/s CBR HE-AAC Coding Technologies - Winamp 5.2 beta 393 48kbit/s CBR HEv2-AAC Nero Digital 4.9.9.95 48kbit/s ... VBR, high quality, 96 kbit/s Fraunhofer IIS (via Winamp 5.62) VBR 3 Coding Technologies (via Winamp 5.61) CBR 100 kbps Various 25 ... Apple QuickTime ...