What is classical surgery?

Some articles on classical, surgery, classical surgery:

Camran Nezhat - Surgical Techniques
... innovations that were at first considered unacceptable deviations from classical surgical techniques ... that refers to the method of performing endoscopic surgery (referred to as a laparoscope when used for abdominal surgeries) while viewing a TV/video monitor in an upright ... to believe that operative laparoscopic techniques could replace classical surgery and, initially, many in the medical community considered the entire notion to be an untenable, unrealistic, and dangerous idea ...

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