What is cheongsam?

Cheongsam

The cheongsam /tʃi.ɒŋˈsæm/ is a body-hugging one-piece Chinese dress for women; the male version is the changshan. It is known in Mandarin Chinese as the qípáo (旗袍; ) Wade-Giles ch'i-p'ao, and is also known in English as a mandarin gown. The stylish and often tight-fitting cheongsam or qipao (chipao) that is most often associated with today was created in the 1920s in Shanghai and was made fashionable by socialites and upperclass women.

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Some articles on cheongsam:

Shanghai - Culture - Fashion
... Other Shanghainese cultural artifacts include the cheongsam (Shanghainese zansae), a modernization of the traditional Manchurian qipao ... The cheongsam went along well with the western overcoat and the scarf, and portrayed a unique East Asian modernity, epitomizing the Shanghainese population ... As Western fashions changed, the basic cheongsam design changed, too, introducing high-neck sleeveless dresses, bell-like sleeves, and the black lace frothing at the hem of a ball gown ...
Nancy Kwan - Biography - Stardom
... The scene of Kwan, reposed on a davenport and adorned in a dazzling cheongsam, while showing a "deliciously decadent flash of thigh", became an iconic image ... Clad in a cheongsam—"a Chinese dress with a high collar and slits, one on each side of the skirt"—Kwan was on the October 1960 cover of Life, cementing her status as an ... Nicknamed the "Suzie Wong dress", the cheongsam in the portrait spawned thousands of copycat promotional projects ...
Cheongsam - Similar Garments
... The Vietnamese áo dài bears similarity to the cheongsam, as does the Tibetan national dress ...
Shangai - Culture - Fashion
... Other Shanghainese cultural artifacts include the cheongsam (Shanghainese zansae), a modernization of the traditional Manchurian qipao ... The cheongsam went along well with the western overcoat and the scarf, and portrayed a unique East Asian modernity, epitomizing the Shanghainese ... As Western fashions changed, the basic cheongsam design changed, too, introducing high-neck sleeveless dresses, bell-like sleeves, and the black lace frothing at ...
Changshan
... Chinese 長衫 pinyin chángshān literally "long shirt") is the male equivalent of the women's cheongsam (qipao) ... is cognate with the Cantonese term chèuhngsàam, which has been borrowed into English as "cheongsam" ... The Hong Kong usage is reflected in the meaning of "cheongsam" in English, which refers exclusively to the female garment ...