What is alphabet?

  • (noun): A character set that includes letters and is used to write a language.
    See also — Additional definitions below

Alphabet

An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) which is used to write one or more languages based on the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language. This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as logographies, in which each character represents a word, morpheme or semantic unit, and syllabaries, in which each character represents a syllable.

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Some articles on alphabet:

Computable Function - Formal Languages
... An alphabet is an arbitrary set ... A word on an alphabet is a finite sequence of symbols from the alphabet the same symbol may be used more than once ... binary strings are exactly the words on the alphabet {0, 1} ...
G With Hook
... G with hook (majuscule Ɠ, minuscule ɠ) is a letter of the extended Latin alphabet ... In the International Phonetic Alphabet, it represents the voiced velar implosive ... of Fula, and is included in the African reference alphabet ...
Information Processor - Information Theory Approach
... information theory, information is taken as a sequence of symbols from an alphabet, say an input alphabet χ, and an output alphabet ϒ ...
Macedonian Alphabet - The Alphabet
... Origins Phoenician alphabet Greek alphabet Latin alphabet Cyrillic script Macedonian Cyrillic alphabet The following table provides the upper and lower case forms of the Macedonian alphabet, along with the IPA ...
Alphabet - Orthography and Pronunciation
... When an alphabet is adopted or developed for use in representing a given language, an orthography generally comes into being, providing rules for the spelling of words in that language ... In accordance with the principle on which alphabets are based, these rules will generally map letters of the alphabet to the phonemes (significant sounds) of the spoken language ... so the degree to which letters of an alphabet correspond to phonemes of a language varies greatly from one language to another and even within a single language ...

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Famous quotes containing the word alphabet:

    I wonder, Mr. Bone man, what you’re thinking
    of your fury now, gone sour as a sinking whale,
    crawling up the alphabet on her own bones.
    Anne Sexton (1928–1974)

    I believe the alphabet is no longer considered an essential piece of equipment for traveling through life. In my day it was the keystone to knowledge. You learned the alphabet as you learned to count to ten, as you learned “Now I lay me” and the Lord’s Prayer and your father’s and mother’s name and address and telephone number, all in case you were lost.
    Eudora Welty (b. 1909)

    Roger Thornhill: You’re police, aren’t you. Or is it FBI?
    Professor: FBI, CIA, O–I—we’re all in the same alphabet soup.
    Ernest Lehman (b.1920)