What are substrates?

Some articles on substrate, substrates:

Precision Glass Moulding - Protective Coatings
... temperature, the smaller the wetting angle between glass gob and substrate could be observed ... The combination of chemically stable substrates and coatings, such as Sapphire (substrate) / GaN (film) and Glass (substrate) / Al2O3 (film) can achieve the best antistick propose ... The precious metal films such as PtIr(Platinum, Iridium) coated on the ceramic substrates can effectively reduce the interface reaction between the glass and substrates.” ...
Micropipe
... microtube, capillary defect or pinhole defect, is a crystallographic defect in a single crystal substrate ... this is of great interest to makers of silicon carbide (SiC) substrates which are used in a variety of industries such as power semiconductor devices for ... in epitaxial layers are normally derived from the substrates on which the epitaxy is performed ...
Caliper Life Sciences - Reagents
... Microfluidics) In Vitro LabChip Discovery Reagents (for Microfluidics) XenoLight Bioluminescent Substrates (Luciferin and coelenterazine) (Luciferin optimized for IVIS imaging ...
Samsung Corning Precision Glass - Products : TFT-LCD Glass Substrates
... Glass substrates provided by Samsung Corning Precision Glass are used to make TFT-LCDs, a display for laptop computers, LCD monitors, LCD TVs and other handheld devices like digital cameras, PDAs and ... Glass substrates for TFT-LCD panels require pristine surface quality and must withstand heat without being transformed ... The resulting glass substrates are alkaline-free and designed to maintain high resistance against chemical agents and heat ...
Selenoxide Elimination - Scope and Limitations - Substrates
... forming a selenium-substituted enolate, allows alkylation or hydroxyalkylation of these substrates ... (7) Base-sensitive substrates may be selenylated under acid-catalyzed conditions (as enols) using benzeneselenyl chloride ...