What are poliomyelitis?

Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis (pōlee-ō-mī-ə-lītiss), often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an acute, viral, infectious disease spread from person to person, primarily via the fecal-oral route. The term derives from the Greek poliós (πολιός), meaning "grey", myelós (µυελός “marrow”), referring to the grey matter of the spinal cord, and the suffix -itis, which denotes inflammation., i.e., inflammation of the spinal cord’s grey matter, although a severe infection can extend into the brainstem and even higher structures, resulting in polioencephalitis, producing apnea that requires mechanical assistance such as an iron lung.

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Some articles on poliomyelitis:

List Of Poliomyelitis Survivors
... This is a list of notable people who have survived the infectious disease poliomyelitis ... Poliomyelitis (often simply called polio) is an acute viral infection that involves the gastrointestinal tract and occasionally the central nervous system ... Around 30–40 years after contracting paralytic poliomyelitis, about 25–40% of cases lead to post-polio syndrome ...
Poliomyelitis - History
... By 1950 the peak age incidence of paralytic poliomyelitis in the United States had shifted from infants to children aged five to nine years, when the risk of paralysis is greater about ... scientists and two laymen who made important contributions to the knowledge and treatment of poliomyelitis are honored by the Polio Hall of Fame, which was dedicated in 1957 at the Roosevelt Warm Springs ...
History Of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Timeline
... In 1938, Alexander Gilliam described an illness that resembled poliomyelitis, interviewing patients and reviewing records of one of several clusters ... Gilliam called the outbreak "atypical poliomyelitis" and described the symptoms as rapid muscle weakness, vasomotor instability, clonic twitches and cramps ... Two towns in Switzerland had outbreaks of "abortive poliomyelitis" in 1937, and 73 Swiss soldiers were given the same diagnosis in 1939 ...
Poliomyelitis Eradication
... The global eradication of poliomyelitis is a public health effort to eliminate all cases of poliomyelitis (polio) infection around the world ...
Ivar Wickman - Life and Achievements - Education and Academic Career
1905 he published his doctoral thesis on poliomyelitisPoliomyelitis acuta” in German, and the doctoral exam in 1906 qualified for the post of a docent for neurology at the Karolinska Institute, besides ... himself to the studies of infantile paralysis (poliomyelitis) ...