The Western European Union (WEU; French: Union de l'Europe occidentale, UEO) was an international organisation tasked with implementing the Modified Treaty of Brussels (1954), an amended version of the original 1948 Treaty of Brussels. The WEU was established by seven Western European nations during the Cold War.
Since the end of the Cold War, WEU tasks and institutions have been transferred to the Common Security and Defence Policy which is being framed for the geographically larger and more comprehensive European Union. This process was completed in 2009, when a solidarity clause between the member states of the European Union which was similar (but not identical) to the WEU's mutual defense clause, entered into force with the Treaty of Lisbon. The states party to the Modified Treaty of Brussels consequently decided to terminate that treaty on 31 March 2010, with all the remaining WEU's activities to be ceased within 15 months. On 30 June 2011 the WEU was officially declared defunct.
Other articles related to "european, western, western european, western european union, european union":
... The 5th Bengal European Cavalry was a cavalry regiment of the British East India Company, created in 1858 and disbanded in 1859 ... by the East India Company in 1858 as the 5th Bengal European Light Cavalry, for service in the Indian Mutiny the "European" in the name indicated ... As with all other "European" units of the Company, they were placed under the command of the Crown following the end of the Mutiny in 1858, but the regiment was disbanded rather than be ...
... The 1948 Treaty of Brussels established the military Western Union Defence Organization with an allied European command structure under Field Marshal Montgomery ... Western European powers, except for Ireland, Sweden, Finland and Austria, signed the North Atlantic Treaty alongside the United States and Canada which only created a passive defence association until 1951 ... countries made an attempt to integrate the militaries of mainland Western Europe, through the treaty establishing the European Defence Community (EDC) ...
... Effective member of the Assembly of the Western European Union (2001–2009). ...
... The Secretary-General of the Western European Union was the head of the Western European Union (WEU), a Cold War era European defence and collective security organisation, which was dissolved in 2011 ... post of High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union should also be the Secretary-General of the WEU ...
... In 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon took over the WEU's mutual defence clause ... There was much discussion about what to do with the WEU following the introduction of Lisbon, including plans to scrap it ...
Famous quotes containing the words union, western and/or european:
“We are constantly thinking of the great war ... which saved the Union ... but it was a war that did a great deal more than that. It created in this country what had never existed beforea national consciousness. It was not the salvation of the Union, it was the rebirth of the Union.”
—Woodrow Wilson (18561924)
“Westron wind, when will thou blow?
The small rain down can rain.
Christ, that my love were in my arms,
And I in my bed again.”
—Unknown. Western Wind (l. 14)
“Two great European narcotics, alcohol and Christianity.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)