Visceral Leishmaniasis

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, black fever, and Dumdum fever, is the most severe form of leishmaniasis. Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the Leishmania genus. This disease is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world (after malaria), responsible for an estimated 500,000 infections each year worldwide. The parasite migrates to the internal organs such as liver, spleen (hence 'visceral'), and bone marrow, and, if left untreated, will almost always result in the death of the host. Signs and symptoms include fever, weight loss, mucosal ulcers, fatigue, anemia, and substantial swelling of the liver and spleen. Of particular concern, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is the emerging problem of HIV/VL co-infection.

Read more about Visceral Leishmaniasis:  Species That Give Rise To VL, Life-cycle of The Parasite, Disease Progression, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prevention, History and Epidemiology

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... Visceral leishmaniasis, treatment of The Indian (Bengali) medical practitioner Upendra Nath Brahmachari (19 December 1873 – 6 February 1946) was nominated for the ... Following the discovery of Urea Stibamine, Visceral leishmaniasis was largely eradicated from the world, except for some underdeveloped regions ...
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... Visceral leishmaniasis, treatment of The Indian (Bengali) medical practitioner Upendra Nath Brahmachari (December 19, 1873–February 6, 1946) was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929 ... Following the discovery of Urea Stibamine, Visceral leishmaniasis was largely eradicated from the world, except for some underdeveloped regions ...