Urien

Urien /ˈjʊəriɛn/, often referred to as Urien Rheged, was a late 6th century king of Rheged, an early British kingdom of the Hen Ogledd (northern England and southern Scotland). His power and his victories, including the battles of Gwen Ystrad and Alt Clut Ford, are celebrated in the praise poems to him by Taliesin, preserved in the Book of Taliesin. He had four sons, named Owain, Rhiwallon, Rhun and Pasgen, the eldest of which succeeded him. He became the 'King Urien of Gore' of later Arthurian legend and his son Owain mab Urien was later known as Ywain.

According to the genealogies, Urien was the son of Cynfarch Oer, son of Meirchion Gul, son of Gorwst, son of Cenau, son of Coel Hen (King Cole), the first recorded post-Roman military leader in the area of Hadrian's Wall. He fought against the rulers of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia (modern Northumbria). An Anglian noble, Ida, had occupied Metcauld around the middle of the sixth century and begun to raid the mainland. Urien joined with other northern kings, Rhydderch Hael "the Generous" of Strathclyde and two other descendants of Coel, Gwallog mab Llaenog and Morgant Bwlch. They defeated the Angles and besieged them on Lindisfarne but, according to the Historia Brittonum, Urien was assassinated at the command of Morgant Bwlch who was jealous of his power. One of the Welsh Triads calls the death of Urien one of the "Three Unfortunate Assassinations" and another lists him as one of the "Three Great Battle-leaders of Britain".

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Other articles related to "urien":

House Of Haldane (fictional) - Restored Kings of Gwynedd - Urien
... Urien Owain Rhys Michael Haldane is the twenty-first King of Gwynedd, succeeding his father at the age of 20 in 994 ... For most of Urien's reign, Gwynedd enjoys peaceful relations with its neighbors, providing an extended period of tranquil prosperity throughout the realm ... During this time, Urien actively seeks to establish stronger alliances with his neighbors by arranging marriages between his children and other royal ...
Gwallog Ap Llaennog
... He joined a group of Brythonic kings, including Urien Rheged, Rhydderch Hael and Morgant Bwlch of Bryneich, in an attempt to defeat the Angles of Bernicia ... This endeavour failed after Urien was slain by Llofan Llaf Difo ... tradition asserts that Gwallog later made war against Urien's former kingdom of Rheged in concert with Dunod Fawr of the Northern Pennines, attacking Urien's sons ...
Morfydd
... Morfydd ferch Urien (Middle Welsh orthographical variations include Morvydd verch Urien "Morfydd daughter of Urien") is a figure of Welsh Arthurian legend ... She is the daughter of Urien Rheged by Modron, and twin sister to Owain ... that the ford to bark, and nobody dared go to find out what was there until Urien Rheged came ...
Urien - Legend
... Urien remained a popular figure in Wales over the centuries, and he and his son Owain were incorporated into Arthurian legend as it spread from Britain to continental ... Urien and the others rebel against the young monarch, but upon their defeat, the rebels become Arthur’s allies and vassals ... one, however, as in one story Morgan plots to take Excalibur, kill Urien and Arthur, and place herself and her lover Accolon on the throne ...
Battle Of Alclud Ford
... with violence on his enemies" and was met in battle and killed by Urien map Cynfarch, King of Rheged (probably Cumbria and/or Galloway), and his son Owain mab Urien, as noted in two separate poems ... when Rheged was at its ascendancy, and the armies under Urien and Owain were the most powerful in the north ...