Urheimat

Urheimat (/ˈʊərhaɪmɑːt/ or /ˈʊəhaɪmɑ:t/; ; a German compound of Ur- "primitive, original" and Heimat "home, homeland") is a linguistic term that denotes the homeland of the speakers of a proto-language. A proto-language is a reconstruction of a hypothetical parent language in the Tree model of language evolution. As the placement of branches is often uncertain, the time, location, and very existence of an urheimat is also often uncertain. However, it is possible to have considerable confidence regarding the location of an urheimat of a language or language family from multiple lines of linguistic, genetic and archaeological evidence, even when the precise contours of a proto-language are not firmly established.

Archaeological evidence is sometimes adduced to support the existence of an urheimat. In the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, the prevailing belief was that languages could be reliably associated with archaeological cultures. This culture history theory, developed by Gustaf Kossinna, formalized the presumption that unified ethnicities, such as peoples or tribes, could be associated with archaeological cultures. One might point to a culture map and hazard a guess as to which language, typically a proto-language, was spoken in each culture.

In the latter part of the twentieth century, the link between archaeological cultures and language boundaries was weakened by the discovery of cases in which language shifts occurred with only minor differences in cultural artifacts. This article summarizes some of the leading, and sometimes competing, urheimat proposals for some of the larger or more carefully studied language families.

Read more about Urheimat:  Language Families Predominantly Found in Europe, North Asia and South Asia, Implications of Current Research

Other articles related to "urheimat":

Out Of India Theory - Philology - Memories of An Urheimat
... the Aryans' presence in India as being the result of a migration or mention any possible Urheimat, has been taken as an argument in favour of the OIT ... Elst, argue that it would have been expectable that migrations, and possibly an Urheimat were mentioned in the Rigveda if the Aryans had only arrived in India some centuries before the composition of the ...
Proto-Afroasiatic Language - Homeland
... Further information Afroasiatic Urheimat The limited size of the Afro-Asiatic language area (prior to its expansion in the historic era) has limited the potential areas ... two proposals have been developed that Afro-Asiatic arose in a Semitic Urheimat in the Middle East aka Southwest Asia, or that Afro-Asiatic languages arose in ...
Hungarian Prehistory - The Formation of The Magyar People - The Hungarian Urheimat
... The Hungarian Urheimat (Hungarian magyar őshaza) is the theoretical original homeland of the Magyars ... The term urheimat comes from linguistics and tends to be reserved for discussion about language origin ... There is a consensus that the Hungarian urheimat in this ethnogenetic sense must have been located somewhere in the steppe zone south of the Ural Mountains ...
Proto-Algonquian Language - Urheimat
... There remains some disagreement over the Algonquian Urheimat (homeland of the protolanguage) ...
Limitations of The Concept of Urheimat - Shared Urheimats
... relationship between a group that speaks a language and the Urheimat for that language is complicated by "processes of migration, language shift and group absorption are documented by linguists and ethnographers" in ...