An unsecured creditor is a creditor other than a preferential creditor that does not have the benefit of any security interests in the assets of the debtor.
In the event of the bankruptcy of the debtor, the unsecured creditors usually obtain a pari passu distribution out of the assets of the insolvent company on a liquidation in accordance with the size of their debt after the secured creditors have enforced their security and the preferential creditors have exhausted their claims.
Although in a liquidation the unsecured creditors will usually realize the smallest proportion of their claims, in some legal systems, unsecured creditors who are also indebted to the insolvent debtor can (and in some jurisdictions, must) set off the debts, actually putting the unsecured creditor with a matured liability to the debtor in a pre-preferential position.
Other articles related to "creditor, unsecured creditor, creditors, unsecured":
... A secured creditor takes a security interest to enforce its rights against collateral in case the debtor defaults on the obligation ... If the debtor goes bankrupt, a secured creditor takes precedence over unsecured creditor in the distribution ... Detractors argue that creditors with security interests can destroy companies that are in financial difficulty, but which might still recover and be profitable ...
... The law treats differently those creditors who are secured (i.e ... perfected security interest) from those creditors who are unsecured ... An unsecured creditor is simply a person who is owed money and has not received payment according to the terms of the agreed upon transaction ...
Famous quotes containing the word creditor:
“Here were poor streets where faded gentility essayed with scanty space and shipwrecked means to make its last feeble stand, but tax-gatherer and creditor came there as elsewhere, and the poverty that yet faintly struggled was hardly less squalid and manifest than that which had long ago submitted and given up the game.”
—Charles Dickens (18121870)