The unreformed House of Commons is the name generally given to the British House of Commons as it existed before the Reform Act 1832.
Until the Act of Union of 1707 joining the Kingdoms of Scotland and England (to form the Kingdom of Great Britain), Scotland had its own Parliament, and the term refers to the House of Commons of England (which included representatives from Wales from the 16th century). From 1707 to 1801 the term refers to the House of Commons of Great Britain. Until the Act of Union of 1801 joining the Kingdom of Ireland to Great Britain (to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland), Ireland also had its own Parliament. From 1801 to 1832, therefore, the term refers to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.
The House of Commons evolved long before the modern theory of democracy. In mediaeval political theory it was believed that sovereignty flowed from God, not from the people, and that monarchy was the form of government ordained by God. The King (or Queen) was "the Lord's anointed," and it was the duty of the people to obey the King as God's representative. Nevertheless, it was always recognised that the King had a corresponding duty to rule wisely and for the people's benefit, and from an early date it was accepted that this included the duty to listen to the advice of the people, as expressed by their chosen representatives. To this idea was added the practical consideration that it was easier for the King to collect the taxes he needed if the people consented to pay them.
Read more about Unreformed House Of Commons: Composition of The House, County Members, Borough Members, University Members, Welsh Members, Scottish Members, Irish Members, Unrepresented Towns, Movements For Reform, End of The Unreformed House, List of Counties and Boroughs of The Unreformed House of Commons At 1800
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... See List of counties and boroughs of the Unreformed House of Commons at 1800. ...
Famous quotes containing the words commons and/or house:
“I am really sorry to see my countrymen trouble themselves about politics. If men were wise, the most arbitrary princes could not hurt them. If they are not wise, the freest government is compelled to be a tyranny. Princes appear to me to be fools. Houses of Commons & Houses of Lords appear to me to be fools; they seem to me to be something else besides human life.”
—William Blake (17571827)
“The welcome house of him my dearest guest.
Where ever, ever stay, and go not thence,
Till natures sad decree shall call thee hence;
Flesh of thy flesh, bone of thy bone,
I here, thou there, yet both but one.”
—Anne Bradstreet (c. 16121672)