Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause. The term is also applied to the abolitionists, both black and white, free and enslaved, who aided the fugitives. Various other routes led to Mexico or overseas. While an "underground railroad" running south toward Florida, then a Spanish possession, existed from the late 17th century until shortly after the American Revolution, the network now generally known as the Underground Railroad was formed in the early 19th century, and reached its height between 1850 and 1860. One estimate suggests that by 1850, 100,000 slaves had escaped via the "Railroad". British North America, where slavery was prohibited, was a popular destination, as its long border gave many points of access. More than 30,000 people were said to have escaped there via the network during its 20-year peak period, although U.S. Census figures account for only 6,000. The Underground Railroad fugitives' stories are documented in the Underground Railroad Records.

Read more about Underground Railroad:  Political Background, Structure, Route, Legal and Political, Criticism, Arrival in Canada

Other articles related to "underground railroad":

Bill O'Hanlon - Works - Articles
... “Comment on ‘A Matter of Mourning’ (case example),” The Underground Railroad, 3(3) 3, Fall 1982 ... “Paradox Reduced Reply to Jim Warner,” The Underground Railroad, 4(1) 3-4, March 1983 ... “Is Lying Possible in Therapy?” The Underground Railroad, 5(3) 4-5, September 1984 ...
Africa, Ohio - History
... Africa is named after the Underground Railroad and is thought to be the only town in the world named after the Underground Railroad ... stand, and these buildings were important Underground Railroad stations ... This particular Underground Railroad route assumed national importance because of its relationship to two famous songwriters ...
Levi Coffin House
... the Federal style and served as a station on the Underground Railroad ... has been referred to as the President of the Underground Railroad ... Underground Railroad conductors brought slaves up through Kentucky, and they primarily crossed the Ohio River at three points Madison, Indiana Jeffersonville, Indiana and Cincinnati, Ohio ...
Activism At Ohio Wesleyan University - Early History
... In 1857 he denounced the argument that southern Christians The Underground Railroad, used as a "transportation system" for anti-slavery activists to free black slaves ... In the 19th century, Ohio had one of the most active Underground Railroad operations in the nation ... One of the state's most frequently used corridors on the Underground Railroad passed through Delaware County near Ohio Wesleyan University, now marked along the bikeway trail at U.S ...
Underground Railroad - Arrival in Canada
... Estimates vary widely, but at least 30,000 slaves, and potentially more than 100,000, escaped to Canada via the Underground Railroad ... The largest group settled in Upper Canada (called Canada West from 1841, and today Southern Ontario), where numerous Black Canadian communities developed ...

Famous quotes related to underground railroad:

    The only free road, the Underground Railroad, is owned and managed by the Vigilant Committee. They have tunneled under the whole breadth of the land.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)