Umami

Umami /uːˈmɑːmi/, a savory taste, is one of the five basic tastes, together with sweet, sour, bitter and salty. A loanword from the Japanese (うま味?), umami can be translated "pleasant savory taste". This particular writing was chosen by Professor Kikunae Ikeda from umai (うまい) "delicious" and mi (味) "taste". The kanji 旨味 are used for a more general meaning to describe a food as delicious.

The human tongue has receptors for L-glutamate, which is the source of umami flavor. For that reason, scientists consider umami to be distinct from saltiness.

Read more about Umami:  Background, Discovery of Umami Taste, Properties of Umami Taste, Foods Rich in Umami, Taste Receptors

Other articles related to "umami":

Umami - Taste Receptors
... and other regions of the mouth can detect umami taste independently of their location ... studies have identified the taste receptors responsible for the sense of umami, a modified form of mGluR4, mGluR1 and taste receptor type 1 (T1R1 + T1R3 ... have now identified strong candidates for umami receptors, including the heterodimer T1R1/T1R3, and truncated type 1 and 4 metabotropic glutamate ...
G-Proteins and TAS1R1
... by sensory G-protein second messenger systems has also shown a connection between umami taste perception and the phosphatidylinositol (PIP2) pathway ... channel TRPM5 has been shown to correlate with both umami and sweet taste ... Also, the phospholipase PLCβ2 was shown to similarly correlate with umami and sweet taste ...
Taste Receptor - Mechanism of Action - Umami
... The TAS1R1+TAS1R3 heterodimer receptor functions as the umami (savory) receptor, responding to L-amino acid binding, especially L-glutamate ... The umami taste is most frequently associated with the food additive monosodium glutamate (MSG) and can be enhanced through the binding of inosine monophosphate (IMP) and guanosine monophosphate (GMP) molecules ...
Ajinomoto - Products - Monosodium Glutamate
... was actually a glutamate salt, which seemed to give out a unique taste sensation, which he dubbed umami ... idea was rapidly connected to the much older Japanese, culinary term of umami ... Later study shows that "umami" is indeed a fifth basic taste, but it does not suggest a seaweed flavor as much as it suggests a meat-flavor ...
The Next Iron Chef - Season 2: 2009 - Results - Episode 6
... Challenge 10 Umami (Deliciousness), Part I Yakitori The chefs must create five yakitori, each with umami ... Guest Judge Iron Chef Masaharu Morimoto WINNER Jehangir Mehta Challenge 11 Umami (Deliciousness), Part II Five Flavors of Rice The chefs must create five dishes featuring five ...