Two Row Wampum Treaty

The Two Row Wampum treaty, also known as Guswhenta or Kaswhenta, is an agreement made between representatives of the Five Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) and representatives of the Dutch government in 1613 in what is now upstate New York. The treaty is considered by the Haudenosaunee to be the basis of all of their subsequent treaties with European and North American governments, including the Covenant Chain treaty with the British in 1677 and the Treaty of Canandaigua with the United States in 1794.

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Two Row Wampum Treaty - Two Row Wampum Today
... In the modern day, the Two Row Wampum continues to play a role in defining the relationship between citizens of New York State and Haudenosaunee residents of the region ... consideration and application of the principles of the Two Row Wampum ... Larger disputes concerning extant treaties based on the Two Row Wampum, such as the Treaty of Canandaigua, remain unresolved through litigation and pending land claims ...

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