A Trench knife is a combat knife designed to kill or gravely incapacitate an enemy soldier at close quarters, as might be encountered in a trenchline or other confined area. It was developed in response to a need for a close combat weapon for soldiers conducting assaults and raids on enemy trenchlines during the First World War. An example of a World War I trench knife is the German Army's Nahkampfmesser (close combat knife).
With the outbreak of the Second World War, the trench knife, by this time usually referred to as a combat knife, proved so useful that armies continued to develop and issue new designs. On the Axis side, the Nahkampfmesser and designs developed from it were again widely issued to the ordinary soldier as general-purpose fighting and utility knives, while Allied armies generally restricted issue of trench knives to elite infantry units and infantry not otherwise equipped with the bayonet.
Other articles related to "trench knife, trench, knife":
... The Mark I trench knife was an American trench knife designed by officers of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) for use in World War I ... trench knives such as the M1917 and M1918 ... The spikes were intended to prevent an opponent from grabbing the knife hand, as well as to provide a more concentrated striking surface when employed in hand-to-hand combat ...
... from the tekko, brass knuckles more closely resembles the handle of the Western "trench knife" ... The trench knife, and Western brass knuckles, date back to World War I (with pictures of the "brass knuckle handle" trench knife dating back to 1917) ... horsehoe tekko more closely resembles a specialized knife such as a "double knife," a miniature "moon knife" or "duck knife" ...
... styles, some bearing design characteristics similar to the early French Châtellerault knife ... States, commercial development of the switchblade knife was primarily dominated by the inventions of George Schrade and his New York Press Button Knife ... knife manufacturers also marketed automatic knives of their own design ...
... M1917 and the slightly improved M1918 trench knives designed by Henry Disston Sons of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ... limiting to succeed in their intended role, and a new trench knife design was requested ... an exhaustive field test of various trench knives, including the U.S ...
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