Transsexualism describes the condition in which an individual identifies with a gender inconsistent or not culturally associated with their assigned sex, i.e. in which a person's assigned sex at birth conflicts with their psychological gender. A medical diagnosis can be made if a person experiences discomfort as a result of a desire to be a member of the opposite sex, or if a person experiences impaired functioning or distress as a result of that gender identification.

Transsexualism is stigmatized in many parts of the world but has become more widely known in Western culture in the mid to late 20th century, concurrently with the sexual revolution and the development of sex reassignment surgery (SRS). Discrimination or negative attitudes towards transsexualism often accompany certain religious beliefs or cultural values.

There are cultures that have no difficulty integrating people who change gender roles, often holding them with high regard, such as the traditional role for "Two-Spirit" people found among certain Native American tribes.

Read more about TranssexualismDiagnosis, Relation To Gender Roles, Origins, Relation To Transgenderism, Terminology, Prevalence, Causes, Sex Reassignment Therapy, Legal and Social Aspects, In The Media, Thailand, In History, See Also

Other articles related to "transsexualism":

Blanchard's Transsexualism Typology - Background
... The early history of the study of transsexualism is sparse however, the concept of a categorization of transsexual people can be seen as early as 1923 ... DSM III, a new diagnosis was introduced, that of "302.5 Transsexualism" under "Other Psychosexual Disorders" ... The diagnostic category, "Transsexualism", was for gender dysphoric individuals who demonstrated at least two years of continuous interest in transforming their physical ...
Causes Of Transsexualism
... The etiology of transsexualism, meaning the cause or causes of transsexualism, is an area of interest for many transgender and transsexual people, physicians, psychologists ... Transsexualism usually presents with an expression of gender identity different from the gender assigned at birth, behaviors typical of that gender, and discomfort called gender dysphoria ... scientific explanations of the cause of transsexualism, linking the cause to genetics, brain structure, brain function and prenatal androgen exposure in addition ...
African American Transsexuality - Causes
... Psychological and biological causes for transsexualism have been proposed, with evidence leaning toward prenatal and genetic causes ... (DES) may also be positively associated with transsexualism, though research in this area has yet to establish a firm causal link ... Some people consider research into the "causes" of transsexualism to be based on the assumption that it is a pathology, an assumption that is rejected by many ...
Classification Of Transsexuals - Blanchard's Transsexualism Typology (1980s)
... Blanchard's transsexualism typology (also Blanchard autogynephilia theory (BAT) and Blanchard's taxonomy) is a psychological typology of male-to-female ... The typology does not purport to identify the cause of transsexualism in natal males, but it has some implications for the cause—specifically, that the cause of transsexualism may not be the same for ...