Traffic Calming

Traffic calming consists of engineering and other measures put in place on roads for the intention of slowing down or reducing motor-vehicle traffic. This is done in order to improve the living conditions for residents living along the road as well as to improve safety for pedestrians and cyclists. Urban planners and traffic engineers have many strategies for traffic calming. Such measures are common in Australia and Europe (especially Northern Europe), but less so in North America. Traffic calming is a literal translation of the German word Verkehrsberuhigung - the term's first published use in English was in 1985 by Carmen Hass-Klau.

In its early development in the UK in the 1930s, traffic calming was based on the idea of residential areas protected from through traffic. Subsequently, it was mainly justified on the grounds of pedestrian safety and reduction of noise and local air pollution which are side effects of the traffic. However, it is now recognized that streets have social and recreational functions which are severely impaired by car traffic. The Livable Streets study by Donald Appleyard (1981) found that residents of streets with light traffic had, on average, three more friends and twice as many acquaintances as the people on streets with heavy traffic which were otherwise similar in dimensions, income, etc. For much of the twentieth century, streets were designed by engineers who were charged only with ensuring traffic flow and not with fostering the other functions of streets. The basis for traffic calming is broadening traffic engineering to include designing for these functions.

Read more about Traffic CalmingTraffic Calming Measures, Traffic Calming Studies, Gallery

Other articles related to "traffic calming, traffic":

Traffic Calming - Gallery
... with one terminus converted to one-way access) Two traffic calming measures speed cushions (the two reddish pads in the road) and a curb extension (marked by ...
Boxworth - Road
... In 2004-2005, traffic calming measures were introduced at either end of the village - a chicane ... This is considerably less traffic-calming than surrounding villages, which make heavy use of road humps and speed-reducing signs ... The traffic-calming measures are often a controversial issue ...
Chicane - Traffic Calming
... Chicanes are a type of "horizontal deflection" used in traffic calming schemes to reduce the speed of traffic ... There are several variations of traffic calming chicanes, but they generally fall into one of two broad categories Single-lane working chicanes, which consist of ...

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