Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism (or totalitarian rule) is a political system where the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever necessary.

The concept of totalitarianism was first developed on a positive sense in the 1920s by the Italian fascists. The concept became prominent in Western anti-communist political discourse during the Cold War era in order to highlight perceived similarities between Nazi Germany and other fascist regimes on the one hand, and Soviet communism on the other.

Aside from fascist and Stalinist movements, there have been other movements that are totalitarian. The leader of the historic Spanish reactionary conservative movement called the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right declared his intention to "give Spain a true unity, a new spirit, a totalitarian polity..." and went on to say "Democracy is not an end but a means to the conquest of the new state. When the time comes, either parliament submits or we will eliminate it."

Read more about TotalitarianismEtymology, Difference Between Authoritarian and Totalitarian Regimes, Examples of The Term's Use, Cold War-era Research, Criticism and Recent Work With The Concept, Totalitarianism in Architecture, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "totalitarianism":

Inverted Totalitarianism
... Inverted totalitarianism is a term coined by political philosopher Sheldon Wolin to describe what he believes to be the emerging form of government of ... and he uses the term "inverted totalitarianism" to illustrate the similarities and differences between the United States governmental system and totalitarian regimes ...
Totalitarianism - In Popular Culture
... According to Soviet writer Fazil Iskander, "Under the totalitarian regime, it was as if you were forced to live in the same room with an insanely violent man." In the video-game Mirror's Edge the city where the entire game takes place is run by a Totalitarian Government and community.. ...
Stéphane Courtois - Main Theses - "Communism Is A Form of Totalitarianism"
... For Stéphane Courtois, communism is a form of totalitarianism, and the same for Italian fascism German Nazism ... The first matches the birth of totalitarianism in Russia with the rise of Stalin (not Lenin), from there, it reduced to communist totalitarianism in a very ... This thesis is outlined in his publication Communism and totalitarianism (Perrin, 2009) which dealt with the subject chronologically (thematic in the last installment) in ...
Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism
... Totalitarianism is an extreme version of authoritarianism ... Authoritarianism primarily differs from totalitarianism in that social and economic institutions exist that are not under governmental control ... dictators and organized them in a chart Totalitarianism Authoritarianism Charisma High Low Role conception Leader as function Leader as individual ...
Stéphane Courtois - Main Theses - "Lenin Was The Inventor of Totalitarianism"
... Stéphane Courtois mainly described this thesis in his biography Lenin, the inventor of totalitarianism (Perrin, 2007) ... It is included in a chapter on Communism and totalitarianism (Perrin, 2009) ...