Tonic Parallel

In music theory, the tonic parallel (relative chord, German: Parallelklang) is a diatonic function and chord, relative to the tonic, and thus considered to have or fulfill the function of the tonic. The term is used in German theory and derives from the work of Hugo Riemann. It is abbreviated "Tp" in major and "tP" in minor.

Dr. Riemann...sets himself to demonstrate that every chord within the key-system has, and must have, either a Tonic, Dominant or Subdominant function or significance. For example, the secondary triad on the sixth degree of the scale of C major, a-c-e, or rather c-e-a, is a Tonic 'parallel,' and has a Tonic significance, because the chord represents the C major 'klang,' into which the foreign note a is introduced. This, as we have seen, is the explanation which Helmholtz has given of this minor chord." —Shirlaw 2010

In C major:

  • Tp is A-minor, US submediant

In C minor:

  • tP is Eb-major, US mediant

Other articles related to "parallel, tonic parallel":

Counter Parallel
... In music theory, the counter parallel is terminology used in German theory derived mainly from Hugo Riemann to refer to (US) relative (German parallel) diatonic functions and is abbreviated Tcp in major and ... The chord can be seen as the "tonic parallel reversed" and is in a major key the same chord as the dominant parallel (Dp) and in a minor key equal to the subdominant parallel (sP) yet, it ... For example, Am is the tonic parallel of C, thus, Em is the counter parallel of C ...

Famous quotes containing the words parallel and/or tonic:

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