Thomas Edward "Tom" Henderson (born January 26, 1952 in Newberry, South Carolina) is an American former professional basketball player.
A tough-minded 6'4" guard from the University of Hawaii, Henderson was selected by the Atlanta Hawks in the first round of the 1974 National Basketball Association Draft. He went on to have a productive nine-year (1974–1983) professional career, playing for the Hawks, the Washington Bullets, and the Houston Rockets. Henderson accumulated 6,088 career points and 3,136 career assists, and he reached the NBA Finals three times, winning with the Bullets in 1978.
Since retiring from basketball, Henderson has worked as an administrator at a Houston-area juvenile facility.