Tocharian Languages

Tocharian Languages

Tocharian or Tokharian (/təˈkɛəriən/ or /təˈkɑriən/) is an extinct branch of the Indo-European language family, formerly spoken in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin (now part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China). Two branches of Tocharian are known from documents dating from the 3rd to 9th centuries AD:

  • Tocharian A (Agnean or East Tocharian; natively ārśi) of Qarašähär (ancient Agni, Chinese Yanqi) and Turpan (ancient Turfan and Xočo); and
  • Tocharian B (Kuchean or West Tocharian) of Kucha and Tocharian A sites.

Prakrit documents from 3rd century Kroran on the southeast edge of the Tarim Basin contain loanwords and names that appear to come from another variety of Tocharian, dubbed Tocharian C. All these languages became extinct after Uyghur tribes expanded into the area.

Read more about Tocharian Languages:  Discovery and Significance, Names, Writing System, Tocharian A and B, Phonemes, Comparison To Other Indo-European Languages

Other articles related to "tocharian languages, tocharian, languages":

Tocharian Languages - Comparison To Other Indo-European Languages
... Tocharian vocabulary (sample) English Tocharian A Tocharian B Ancient Greek Sanskrit Latin Gothic Old Irish Proto-Indo-European one sas ṣe heĩs, hen sa(kṛ́t) semel simle ...
List Of Indo-European Languages - Tocharian Languages
... Tocharian A (Turfanian or East Tocharian) Tocharian B (Kuchean or West Tocharian) ...
List Of Numbers In Various Languages - Old World Language Families - Indo-European Languages - Tocharian Languages
... Languages 20 ... Tocharian A sas wu tre śtwar päñ ṣäk ṣpät okät ñu śäk śäk-ṣapi śäk-wepi śäk-täryāpi śäk-päñpi ...

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    I am always sorry when any language is lost, because languages are the pedigree of nations.
    Samuel Johnson (1709–1784)