Tobacco Politics - Litigation - Defenses

Defenses

Volenti non fit injuria
Volenti non fit injuria, or "to a willing person, no injury is done", is a common law doctrine which states, when applied to these cases, that there is no damage to someone who willingly places themselves in a position where they are negatively affected by tobacco consumption.
Contributory negligence
Contributory negligence is a common law defense to a claim based on negligence, that before the cases, the adverse effects were unknown. This has been one of the commonly used defences. Most of them will assert that it was the plaintiff himself that has contributed to his own injury as he has prior knowledge of the harm associated with tobacco smoking.

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Other articles related to "defenses":

Coryell Offense - Impact
... offense with creating an evolution by using multiple receivers, forcing defenses to counter with different packages ... Defenses were altered to use nickel and dime defenses in response to offensive formation their usage was no longer limited to down and distance ...
Shogi Strategy And Tactics
... The opening consists of arranging one's defenses and positioning for attack, the mid game consists of attempting to break through the opposing defenses while maintaining one's own ...
Siege Of Suffolk - Defenses
... Getty, and a third division was transferred from the Washington defenses ... Peck organized the Suffolk defenses roughly into a large circle, ringing the city ... Getty supervised the northern fronts river defenses were left to the navy ...
Sutton Walls Hill Fort - History
... By 100 BC defenses began to be constructed in the form of a V shaped ditch and an internal bank ... the settlement lived in wood and stone huts which were situated within the newly constructed defenses ... These very defenses were strengthened around the year 25 AD, in the form of a large wooden perimeter wall enclosing the settlement atop the fort ...
Calzo - Professional Career - Calzaghe Vs. Kessler
... Calzaghe won by unanimous decision, surpassing the 20 defenses made by Bernard Hopkins and Larry Holmes at middleweight and heavyweight respectively ... Only former Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis (25 defenses), former Light Heavyweight Champion Dariusz Michalczewski (23 defenses) and former Minimumweight Champion Ricardo López (23 defenses) have made more title ...

Famous quotes containing the word defenses:

    We are a nation of politicians, concerned about the outmost defenses only of freedom. It is our children’s children who may perchance be really free.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)