Thionyl Chloride

Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula SOCl2. It is a reactive chemical used as a reagent in chlorination reactions. It is a colorless, distillable liquid at room temperature and pressure that decomposes above 140 °C. Thionyl chloride is sometimes confused with sulfuryl chloride, SO2Cl2, but the properties of these compounds differ significantly. Approximately 45,000 tons per year of SOCl2 were produced in the early 1990s.

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