The Thebaid or Thebais (Greek: Θηβαΐδα, Thēbaïda or Θηβαΐς, Thēbaïs) is the region of ancient Egypt containing the thirteen southernmost nomes of Upper Egypt, from Abydos to Aswan. It acquired its name from its proximity to the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes.

In Ptolemaic Egypt, the Thebaid formed a single administrative district under the Epistrategos of Thebes, who was also responsible for overseeing navigation in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.

During the Roman Empire, Diocletian created the province of Thebais, guarded by the legions I Maximiana Thebanorum and II Flavia Constantia. This was later divided in Upper (Latin: Thebais Superior, Greek: Ἄνω Θηβαΐς, Anō Thēbaïs), comprising the southern half with its capital at Thebes, and Lower or Nearer (Latin: Thebais Inferior, Greek: Θηβαΐς Ἐγγίστη, Thēbaïs Engistē), comprising the northern half with capital at Ptolemais.

Around the 5th century, since it was a desert, the Thebaid became a place of retreat of a number of Christian hermits, and was the birthplace of Pachomius. In Christian art, the Thebaid was represented as a place with numerous monks.

Other articles related to "thebaid":

Thebaid (Latin Poem) - Poetic Models
... Statius' Thebaid deals with the same subject as the Thebaid – an early Greek epic of several thousand lines which survives only in brief fragments (also known as the Thebais), and ... Seneca's tragedies also seem to be an influence in the Thebaid, particularly in Statius' portrayal of family relations, generational curses, necromancy ...
Thebaid (Latin Poem) - Composition
... Based on Statius' own testimony, the Thebaid was written c ... to the last verse of the poem, Statius wrote the Thebaid over the course of a dozen years during the reign of Emperor Domitian, although the symmetry of the compositional period, assigning ... of his extensive work in polishing and revising the Thebaid and his public recitations of the poem ...
Thebaid (Latin Poem) - Influence
... Here the Thebaid is transformed into a chivalric epic ... the Decameron, also borrowed heavily from the Thebaid when composing his Teseida (which, in turn, was used heavily by Chaucer when composing The Knight’s Tale for the Canterbury Tales) ... historical Statius devoted the closing lines of his Thebaid to praise of Virgil ...
Thebaid (Latin Poem) - Critical Responses To The Thebaid - The Thebaid and Its Context
... Domitian in his Silvae and his seeming vindication of the regime in the Thebaid ... the opposite view of Statius and interpreted the Thebaid as a criticism of civil war and the Flavian dynasty's rise to power ... The prominence of suicide in the Thebaid has also been linked with the concept of suicide as social protest found in Tacitus ...