The Protocols of the Elders of Zion or The Protocols of the Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion is an antisemitic hoax purporting to describe a Jewish plan for global domination. It was first published in Russia in 1903, translated into multiple languages, and disseminated internationally in the early part of the 20th century. Henry Ford funded printing of 500,000 copies that were distributed throughout the US in the 1920s.
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis publicized the text as if it were a valid document, although it had already been exposed as fraudulent. After the Nazi Party came to power in 1933, it ordered the text to be studied in German classrooms. The historian Norman Cohn suggested that Hitler used the Protocols as his primary justification for initiating the Holocaust—his "warrant for genocide".
The Protocols purports to document the minutes of a late 19th-century meeting of Jewish leaders discussing their goal of global Jewish hegemony by subverting the morals of Gentiles, and by controlling the press and the world's economies. It is still widely available today and even now sometimes presented as a genuine document, whether on the Internet or in print in numerous languages.
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... Around 1921, Ford became aware of the myth of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and believed it to be a legitimate document, and he published portions of it in his newspaper ... The newspaper published The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which was discredited by The Times of London as a forgery during theIndependent's publishing run ... which he said "The only statement I care to make about the Protocols is that they fit in with what is going on." During this period, Ford emerged as "a ...
... Main article The Protocols of the Elders of Zion See also Contemporary imprints of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion In 1903, following the Kishinev Pogrom, a variety of Russian antisemities, including ... One particular version of these allegations, "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" (subtitle "Protocols extracted from the secret archives of the central chancery of Zion ... In 1903, the editor claimed that the protocols revealed the menace of Zionism...which has the goal of uniting all the Jews of the whole world in one union—a union that is more closely knit and more ...
... permanent instruction of the Alta Vendita Tanaka Memorial Protocols of Zion (film) Hamas Covenant The Cemetery of Prague ...
Famous quotes containing the word elders:
“I came there as prime steak and now I feel like low-grade hamburger.”
—Joycelyn Elders (b. 1933)