Tenth Army (France)

The Tenth Army (French: Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I. It took part in the Battle of the Somme in 1916.

The Tenth Army, under the title of the French Expeditionary Force, moved onto the Italian Front in 1917 alongside the British Expeditionary Force (Italy) at the request of the Italian Supreme Commander, General Luigi Cadorna. For this operation the army included the 12th Army Corps. The Italians had been pushed back at the Battle of Caporetto by German Army reinforced Austro-Hungarian divisions. French forces were settled mostly west of the city of Verona, supposedly to counter a rumoured offensive by Austro-Hungarian forces that would purportedly come from the County of Tyrol via the Adige river valley.

After the armistice it was part of the occupation of the Rhineland. On 21 October 1919 it was combined with the Eighth Army to form the French Army of the Rhine.

It was reformed in the Second World War. Une première 10e armée est démembrée les 7 et 8 juin 1940, avec d’une part l’encerclement du 9th Army Corps at Saint-Valéry-en-Caux et, d’autre le rattachement des 10e et 25e corps à l’Armée de Paris. After the rupture of the Somme front, on 5 et 6 June 1940, the last phase de la bataille de France s’engage. Pour les Alliés, il devient essentiel de se rétablir sur la Seine pour tenter d’arrêter by the Germans. This is why a new 10th Armée est créée de toutes pièces pour tenir le front de la Basse Seine et placée sous le commandement du général Robert Altmayer (1875 + 1959). Ses effectifs sont disparates et ne sont pas encore tous en place alors que les Allemands se présentent dès le 9 juin au nord du fleuve et le traversent dans la foulée dans le secteur de Portejoie, Saint-Pierre-du-Vauvray et Venables. Rapidement la ville de Louviers, défendue par des troupes françaises et britanniques, se trouve en première ligne. La rupture définitive de la ligne Weygand sur toute son étendue entraîne un déferlement des armées allemandes sur le territoire français. Le franchissement de la Seine, dans la foulée, ne laisse augurer aucun sursis.

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