Temporalities

Temporalities are the secular properties and possessions of the Christian Church. It is most often used to describe those properties (a Stift or sticht in German or Dutch language) that were used to support a bishop or other religious person or establishment. Its opposite description would be the spiritualities.

In the Middle Ages, the temporalities were usually those lands that were held by a bishop, that were used to support him. After the Investiture Crisis was resolved, the temporalities of a diocese were usually granted to the bishop by the secular ruler after the bishop was consecrated. If within the Holy Roman Empire a bishop had gained secular overlordship to his temporalities imperially recognised as an imperial state then the temporalities were usually called Hochstift, or Erzstift (for an archbishop). Sometimes this granting of the temporalities could take some time. Sometimes a bishop elect gained his temporalities even before or without his papal confirmation by an imperial act called liege indult (Lehnsindult). The temporalities were often confiscated by secular rulers to punish bishops.

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Other articles related to "temporalities":

John Wycliffe - Statement Regarding Royal Power
... in England make sworn submission to the king and receive their temporalities ... vassals against damage to their possessions in case the clergy through their misuse of the temporalities cause injury, the king must offer protection ... When the king turns over temporalities to the clergy, he places them under his jurisdiction, from which later pronouncements of the popes cannot release them ...
Bishop Of Down - List of Bishops
... Archdeacon of Down elected bishop before April 1258 received possession of the temporalities and consecrated after October 1258 translated to Cloyne 13 April 1265. 19 March and received possession of the temporalities after 29 March 1277 died before 28 March 1305 ... Elected before 18 August and received possession of the temporalities after 18 August 1305 died circa 20 March 1314 ...
Bishop Of Bangor - List of Bishops of Bangor - Pre-Reformation Bishops
... elected bishop before 12 December 1267 consecrated in 1267 or 1268 received possession of the temporalities 5 January 1268 died before 12 January 1307 ... between 2 May and 18 June 1309 received possession of the temporalities 7 September and consecrated 9 November 1309 died 26 January 1328. 17 March and received possession of the temporalities 30 April 1372 translated to Hereford 12 September 1375 ...
Bishop Of Connor - List of Bishops - Pre-Reformation Bishops
... Connor elected bishop in 1226 and received possession of the temporalities 5 May 1226 died before October 1241 ... Abbot of Wardon Abbey elected bishop in 1242 and received possession of the temporalities 27 January 1242 consecrated in September 1242 died 7 November 1244 ... before 4 April 1245 and received possession of the temporalities 8 May 1245 died circa 6 October 1256 ...
Temporalities - See Also
... Post-medieval parish temporalities in England. ...