Tailplane

A tailplane, also known as horizontal stabilizer (or horizontal stabiliser), is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes. However, not all fixed-wing aircraft have tailplanes, such as those configured with canards, flying-wing aircraft, where there is no tail, and v-tail aircraft where the fin/rudder and tail-plane are combined to form two diagonal surfaces in a V layout. The tailplane serves three purposes: equilibrium, stability and control.

In addition the tailplane helps adjust for changes in the center of lift, and center of gravity caused by changes in speed and attitude, or when fuel is burned off, or when cargo or payload is dropped from the aircraft.

Read more about TailplaneTailplane Types, Equilibrium, Stability, Control

Other articles related to "tailplane":

Schempp-Hirth Janus - Variants
... It has a fixed-incidence tailplane instead of the all-moving type previously fitted ... The Janus C has carbon-fibre wings of 20 m span and a carbon-fibre tailplane ... for water ballast in the wings, a fixed tailplane with elevators, and a more comfortable cockpit ...
Dan-Air Flight 240 - Cause
... accident had been caused by the baggage door becoming lodged on the leading edge of the right tailplane after it had opened and detached ... This in turn resulted in overstressing of the wings and tailplane leading to inflight structural failure, with both wings and tailplane detaching from the fuselage ...
Hawker P.1052 - Design and Development
... The tailplane was cropped to a shorter span ... time the second prototype was fitted with a variable incidence tailplane ... was fitted with a bullet fairing at the tailplane-fin intersection which improved its high speed behaviour ...
Schleicher Ka 6 - Variants
... Ka 6B (27 September 1957) Ka 6B-Pe - The Ka 6B with all-flying tailplane, (20 May 1960) ... Ka 6CR-Pe - The Ka 6CR with all-flying tailplane, (20 May 1960) ... Ka 6E The ultimate Ka-6, with all-flying tailplane, (29 July 1965) ...
Tailplane - Control
... In addition the tailplane helps adjust for changes in the center of lift, and center of gravity caused by changes in speed and attitude, or when fuel is burned off, or when ... A tailplane normally has a hinged aft surface called an elevator, which allows the pilot to control the amount of lift produced by the tailplane ... In transonic flight shock waves generated by the tailplane render the elevator unusable ...