Sylvia, originally Sylvia, ou La nymphe de Diane, is a full-length ballet in two or three acts, first choreographed by Louis Mérante to music by Léo Delibes in 1876. Sylvia is a typical classical ballet in many respects, yet it has many interesting features which make it unique. Sylvia is notable for its mythological Arcadian setting, creative choreographies, expansive sets and, above all, its remarkable score.
The ballet's origins are in Tasso's 1573 poem Aminta, which provides the basic plot of Delibes' work. Jules Barbier and Baron de Reinach adapted this for the Paris Opera. The piano arrangement was composed in 1876 and the orchestral suite was done in 1880.
When Sylvia premièred on Wednesday, June 14, 1876, at the Palais Garnier, it went largely unnoticed. In fact, the first seven productions of Sylvia were not commercially successful. It was the 1952 revival, choreographed by Sir Frederick Ashton, that popularized the ballet. Ashton's success set the stage for the 1997, 2004, 2005 and 2009 productions, all of which were based on his 1952 choreography.
Other articles related to "ballet":
... Premiere Balletcompany Choreographer Original leads Notes Source June 14, 1876 Paris Opera BalletMérante Rita Sangalli World premiere 1892 Paris Opera BalletMérante ... Wilhelm Unknown None December 19, 1919 Paris Opera BalletStaats Carlotta Zambelli None 1941 Paris Opera BalletLifar Susanne Lorcia Solange Schwarz None December 1, 1950 New York City Ballet ... June 9, 1965 Royal Ballettouring section Ashton Margot Fonteyn Attilio Labis Abridged third act and new variation for Aminta December 18, 1967 Royal BalletAshton with some alterations ...